Spring的启动流程--注解方式启动

阿飞 2021年05月16日 701次浏览

Bean生命周期

Spring的启动流程--注解方式启动

1. 创建AnnotationConfigApplicationContext

1.1 创建beanFactory

this.beanFactory = new DefaultListableBeanFactory();

1.2 创建Reader

this.reader = new AnnotatedBeanDefinitionReader(this);

关注

/*
* 将一些RootBeanDefinition注册进DefaultListableBeanFactory
*/
AnnotationConfigUtils.registerAnnotationConfigProcessors(this.registry);
public static Set<BeanDefinitionHolder> registerAnnotationConfigProcessors(
			BeanDefinitionRegistry registry, @Nullable Object source) {

		DefaultListableBeanFactory beanFactory = unwrapDefaultListableBeanFactory(registry);
		if (beanFactory != null) {
			if (!(beanFactory.getDependencyComparator() instanceof AnnotationAwareOrderComparator)) {
				beanFactory.setDependencyComparator(AnnotationAwareOrderComparator.INSTANCE);
			}
			if (!(beanFactory.getAutowireCandidateResolver() instanceof ContextAnnotationAutowireCandidateResolver)) {
				beanFactory.setAutowireCandidateResolver(new ContextAnnotationAutowireCandidateResolver());
			}
		}

		Set<BeanDefinitionHolder> beanDefs = new LinkedHashSet<>(8);

		if (!registry.containsBeanDefinition(CONFIGURATION_ANNOTATION_PROCESSOR_BEAN_NAME)) {
			RootBeanDefinition def = new RootBeanDefinition(ConfigurationClassPostProcessor.class);
			def.setSource(source);
			beanDefs.add(registerPostProcessor(registry, def, CONFIGURATION_ANNOTATION_PROCESSOR_BEAN_NAME));
		}

		if (!registry.containsBeanDefinition(AUTOWIRED_ANNOTATION_PROCESSOR_BEAN_NAME)) {
			RootBeanDefinition def = new RootBeanDefinition(AutowiredAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.class);
			def.setSource(source);
			beanDefs.add(registerPostProcessor(registry, def, AUTOWIRED_ANNOTATION_PROCESSOR_BEAN_NAME));
		}

		// Check for JSR-250 support, and if present add the CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.
		if (jsr250Present && !registry.containsBeanDefinition(COMMON_ANNOTATION_PROCESSOR_BEAN_NAME)) {
			RootBeanDefinition def = new RootBeanDefinition(CommonAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.class);
			def.setSource(source);
			beanDefs.add(registerPostProcessor(registry, def, COMMON_ANNOTATION_PROCESSOR_BEAN_NAME));
		}

		// Check for JPA support, and if present add the PersistenceAnnotationBeanPostProcessor.
		if (jpaPresent && !registry.containsBeanDefinition(PERSISTENCE_ANNOTATION_PROCESSOR_BEAN_NAME)) {
			RootBeanDefinition def = new RootBeanDefinition();
			try {
				def.setBeanClass(ClassUtils.forName(PERSISTENCE_ANNOTATION_PROCESSOR_CLASS_NAME,
						AnnotationConfigUtils.class.getClassLoader()));
			}
			catch (ClassNotFoundException ex) {
				throw new IllegalStateException(
						"Cannot load optional framework class: " + PERSISTENCE_ANNOTATION_PROCESSOR_CLASS_NAME, ex);
			}
			def.setSource(source);
			beanDefs.add(registerPostProcessor(registry, def, PERSISTENCE_ANNOTATION_PROCESSOR_BEAN_NAME));
		}

		if (!registry.containsBeanDefinition(EVENT_LISTENER_PROCESSOR_BEAN_NAME)) {
			RootBeanDefinition def = new RootBeanDefinition(EventListenerMethodProcessor.class);
			def.setSource(source);
			beanDefs.add(registerPostProcessor(registry, def, EVENT_LISTENER_PROCESSOR_BEAN_NAME));
		}

		if (!registry.containsBeanDefinition(EVENT_LISTENER_FACTORY_BEAN_NAME)) {
			RootBeanDefinition def = new RootBeanDefinition(DefaultEventListenerFactory.class);
			def.setSource(source);
			beanDefs.add(registerPostProcessor(registry, def, EVENT_LISTENER_FACTORY_BEAN_NAME));
		}

		return beanDefs;
	}

1.3 创建Scancer

this.scanner = new ClassPathBeanDefinitionScanner(this);

关注

/*
* 配置支持扫描的注解
*/
registerDefaultFilters();
protected void registerDefaultFilters() {
    	// Service Controller等注解均是注解了Component注解的组合注解
		this.includeFilters.add(new AnnotationTypeFilter(Component.class));
		ClassLoader cl = ClassPathScanningCandidateComponentProvider.class.getClassLoader();
		try {
			this.includeFilters.add(new AnnotationTypeFilter(
					((Class<? extends Annotation>) ClassUtils.forName("javax.annotation.ManagedBean", cl)), false));
			logger.trace("JSR-250 'javax.annotation.ManagedBean' found and supported for component scanning");
		}
		catch (ClassNotFoundException ex) {
			// JSR-250 1.1 API (as included in Java EE 6) not available - simply skip.
		}
		try {
			this.includeFilters.add(new AnnotationTypeFilter(
					((Class<? extends Annotation>) ClassUtils.forName("javax.inject.Named", cl)), false));
			logger.trace("JSR-330 'javax.inject.Named' annotation found and supported for component scanning");
		}
		catch (ClassNotFoundException ex) {
			// JSR-330 API not available - simply skip.
		}
	}

2. 注册启动类

register(componentClasses);

3. 刷新容器

public void refresh() throws BeansException, IllegalStateException {
		synchronized (this.startupShutdownMonitor) {
			// Prepare this context for refreshing.
			prepareRefresh();

			// Tell the subclass to refresh the internal bean factory.
			ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory = obtainFreshBeanFactory();

			// Prepare the bean factory for use in this context.
			prepareBeanFactory(beanFactory);

			try {
				// Allows post-processing of the bean factory in context subclasses.
				postProcessBeanFactory(beanFactory);

				// Invoke factory processors registered as beans in the context.
				invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(beanFactory);

				// Register bean processors that intercept bean creation.
				registerBeanPostProcessors(beanFactory);

				// Initialize message source for this context.
				initMessageSource();

				// Initialize event multicaster for this context.
				initApplicationEventMulticaster();

				// Initialize other special beans in specific context subclasses.
				onRefresh();

				// Check for listener beans and register them.
				registerListeners();

				// Instantiate all remaining (non-lazy-init) singletons.
				finishBeanFactoryInitialization(beanFactory);

				// Last step: publish corresponding event.
				finishRefresh();
			}

			catch (BeansException ex) {
				if (logger.isWarnEnabled()) {
					logger.warn("Exception encountered during context initialization - " +
							"cancelling refresh attempt: " + ex);
				}

				// Destroy already created singletons to avoid dangling resources.
				destroyBeans();

				// Reset 'active' flag.
				cancelRefresh(ex);

				// Propagate exception to caller.
				throw ex;
			}

			finally {
				// Reset common introspection caches in Spring's core, since we
				// might not ever need metadata for singleton beans anymore...
				resetCommonCaches();
			}
		}
	}

3.1 prepareBeanFactory

配置beanFactory

protected void prepareBeanFactory(ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory) {
		// Tell the internal bean factory to use the context's class loader etc.
		beanFactory.setBeanClassLoader(getClassLoader());
		beanFactory.setBeanExpressionResolver(new StandardBeanExpressionResolver(beanFactory.getBeanClassLoader()));
		beanFactory.addPropertyEditorRegistrar(new ResourceEditorRegistrar(this, getEnvironment()));

		// Configure the bean factory with context callbacks.
		beanFactory.addBeanPostProcessor(new ApplicationContextAwareProcessor(this));
    
   		// 设置了几个忽略自动装配的接口
		beanFactory.ignoreDependencyInterface(EnvironmentAware.class);
		beanFactory.ignoreDependencyInterface(EmbeddedValueResolverAware.class);
		beanFactory.ignoreDependencyInterface(ResourceLoaderAware.class);
		beanFactory.ignoreDependencyInterface(ApplicationEventPublisherAware.class);
		beanFactory.ignoreDependencyInterface(MessageSourceAware.class);
		beanFactory.ignoreDependencyInterface(ApplicationContextAware.class);

		// BeanFactory interface not registered as resolvable type in a plain factory.
		// MessageSource registered (and found for autowiring) as a bean.
		beanFactory.registerResolvableDependency(BeanFactory.class, beanFactory);
		beanFactory.registerResolvableDependency(ResourceLoader.class, this);
		beanFactory.registerResolvableDependency(ApplicationEventPublisher.class, this);
		beanFactory.registerResolvableDependency(ApplicationContext.class, this);

		// Register early post-processor for detecting inner beans as ApplicationListeners.
		beanFactory.addBeanPostProcessor(new ApplicationListenerDetector(this));

		// Detect a LoadTimeWeaver and prepare for weaving, if found.
		if (beanFactory.containsBean(LOAD_TIME_WEAVER_BEAN_NAME)) {
			beanFactory.addBeanPostProcessor(new LoadTimeWeaverAwareProcessor(beanFactory));
			// Set a temporary ClassLoader for type matching.
			beanFactory.setTempClassLoader(new ContextTypeMatchClassLoader(beanFactory.getBeanClassLoader()));
		}

		// Register default environment beans.
		if (!beanFactory.containsLocalBean(ENVIRONMENT_BEAN_NAME)) {
			beanFactory.registerSingleton(ENVIRONMENT_BEAN_NAME, getEnvironment());
		}
		if (!beanFactory.containsLocalBean(SYSTEM_PROPERTIES_BEAN_NAME)) {
			beanFactory.registerSingleton(SYSTEM_PROPERTIES_BEAN_NAME, getEnvironment().getSystemProperties());
		}
		if (!beanFactory.containsLocalBean(SYSTEM_ENVIRONMENT_BEAN_NAME)) {
			beanFactory.registerSingleton(SYSTEM_ENVIRONMENT_BEAN_NAME, getEnvironment().getSystemEnvironment());
		}
	}
3.1.1 添加ApplicationContextAwareProcessor 处理器

用于在初始化Bean前将一些属性注入进实现了**Aware接口的bean中

Spring 激活 bean 的 init-method 的前后,会调用 BeanPostProcessorpostProcessBeforeInitialization 方法和 postProcessAfterInitialization 方法

public Object postProcessBeforeInitialization(Object bean, String beanName) throws BeansException {
		if (!(bean instanceof EnvironmentAware || bean instanceof EmbeddedValueResolverAware ||
				bean instanceof ResourceLoaderAware || bean instanceof ApplicationEventPublisherAware ||
				bean instanceof MessageSourceAware || bean instanceof ApplicationContextAware)){
			return bean;
		}

		AccessControlContext acc = null;

		if (System.getSecurityManager() != null) {
			acc = this.applicationContext.getBeanFactory().getAccessControlContext();
		}

		if (acc != null) {
			AccessController.doPrivileged((PrivilegedAction<Object>) () -> {
				invokeAwareInterfaces(bean);
				return null;
			}, acc);
		}
		else {
			invokeAwareInterfaces(bean);
		}

		return bean;
	}

	private void invokeAwareInterfaces(Object bean) {
		if (bean instanceof EnvironmentAware) {
			((EnvironmentAware) bean).setEnvironment(this.applicationContext.getEnvironment());
		}
		if (bean instanceof EmbeddedValueResolverAware) {
			((EmbeddedValueResolverAware) bean).setEmbeddedValueResolver(this.embeddedValueResolver);
		}
		if (bean instanceof ResourceLoaderAware) {
			((ResourceLoaderAware) bean).setResourceLoader(this.applicationContext);
		}
		if (bean instanceof ApplicationEventPublisherAware) {
			((ApplicationEventPublisherAware) bean).setApplicationEventPublisher(this.applicationContext);
		}
		if (bean instanceof MessageSourceAware) {
			((MessageSourceAware) bean).setMessageSource(this.applicationContext);
		}
		if (bean instanceof ApplicationContextAware) {
			((ApplicationContextAware) bean).setApplicationContext(this.applicationContext);
		}
	}
3.1.2 设置忽略依赖(待确认)
beanFactory.ignoreDependencyInterface(EnvironmentAware.class);
  • 自动装配时忽略指定接口或类的依赖注入,使用ignoreDependencyType已经足够

  • ignoreDependencyInterface的真正意思是在自动装配时忽略指定接口的实现类中,对外的依赖。

3.1.3 设置注入依赖

3.2 invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors

3.2.1 调用实现了PriorityOrdered接口的BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor的postProcessBeanDefinitionRegistry方法

重点ConfigurationClassPostProcessor,利用这个处理器可以扫描出所有通过注解方式注入的Bean

public void postProcessBeanFactory(ConfigurableListableBeanFactory beanFactory) {
   int factoryId = System.identityHashCode(beanFactory);
   if (this.factoriesPostProcessed.contains(factoryId)) {
      throw new IllegalStateException(
            "postProcessBeanFactory already called on this post-processor against " + beanFactory);
   }
   this.factoriesPostProcessed.add(factoryId);
   if (!this.registriesPostProcessed.contains(factoryId)) {
      // BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor hook apparently not supported...
      // Simply call processConfigurationClasses lazily at this point then.
      processConfigBeanDefinitions((BeanDefinitionRegistry) beanFactory);
   }

   enhanceConfigurationClasses(beanFactory);
   beanFactory.addBeanPostProcessor(new ImportAwareBeanPostProcessor(beanFactory));
}

使用ConfigurationClassParser解析Configuration注解的类

解析出包路径,使用componentScanParser解析出BeanDefinition

protected final SourceClass doProcessConfigurationClass(
			ConfigurationClass configClass, SourceClass sourceClass, Predicate<String> filter)
			throws IOException {

		if (configClass.getMetadata().isAnnotated(Component.class.getName())) {
			// Recursively process any member (nested) classes first
			processMemberClasses(configClass, sourceClass, filter);
		}

		// Process any @PropertySource annotations
		for (AnnotationAttributes propertySource : AnnotationConfigUtils.attributesForRepeatable(
				sourceClass.getMetadata(), PropertySources.class,
				org.springframework.context.annotation.PropertySource.class)) {
			if (this.environment instanceof ConfigurableEnvironment) {
				processPropertySource(propertySource);
			}
			else {
				logger.info("Ignoring @PropertySource annotation on [" + sourceClass.getMetadata().getClassName() +
						"]. Reason: Environment must implement ConfigurableEnvironment");
			}
		}

		// Process any @ComponentScan annotations
		Set<AnnotationAttributes> componentScans = AnnotationConfigUtils.attributesForRepeatable(
				sourceClass.getMetadata(), ComponentScans.class, ComponentScan.class);
		if (!componentScans.isEmpty() &&
				!this.conditionEvaluator.shouldSkip(sourceClass.getMetadata(), ConfigurationPhase.REGISTER_BEAN)) {
			for (AnnotationAttributes componentScan : componentScans) {
				// The config class is annotated with @ComponentScan -> perform the scan immediately
				Set<BeanDefinitionHolder> scannedBeanDefinitions =
						this.componentScanParser.parse(componentScan, sourceClass.getMetadata().getClassName());
				// Check the set of scanned definitions for any further config classes and parse recursively if needed
				for (BeanDefinitionHolder holder : scannedBeanDefinitions) {
					BeanDefinition bdCand = holder.getBeanDefinition().getOriginatingBeanDefinition();
					if (bdCand == null) {
						bdCand = holder.getBeanDefinition();
					}
					if (ConfigurationClassUtils.checkConfigurationClassCandidate(bdCand, this.metadataReaderFactory)) {
						parse(bdCand.getBeanClassName(), holder.getBeanName());
					}
				}
			}
		}

		// Process any @Import annotations
		processImports(configClass, sourceClass, getImports(sourceClass), filter, true);

		// Process any @ImportResource annotations
		AnnotationAttributes importResource =
				AnnotationConfigUtils.attributesFor(sourceClass.getMetadata(), ImportResource.class);
		if (importResource != null) {
			String[] resources = importResource.getStringArray("locations");
			Class<? extends BeanDefinitionReader> readerClass = importResource.getClass("reader");
			for (String resource : resources) {
				String resolvedResource = this.environment.resolveRequiredPlaceholders(resource);
				configClass.addImportedResource(resolvedResource, readerClass);
			}
		}

		// Process individual @Bean methods
		Set<MethodMetadata> beanMethods = retrieveBeanMethodMetadata(sourceClass);
		for (MethodMetadata methodMetadata : beanMethods) {
			configClass.addBeanMethod(new BeanMethod(methodMetadata, configClass));
		}

		// Process default methods on interfaces
		processInterfaces(configClass, sourceClass);

		// Process superclass, if any
		if (sourceClass.getMetadata().hasSuperClass()) {
			String superclass = sourceClass.getMetadata().getSuperClassName();
			if (superclass != null && !superclass.startsWith("java") &&
					!this.knownSuperclasses.containsKey(superclass)) {
				this.knownSuperclasses.put(superclass, configClass);
				// Superclass found, return its annotation metadata and recurse
				return sourceClass.getSuperClass();
			}
		}

		// No superclass -> processing is complete
		return null;
	}
3.2.2 调用实现了PriorityOrdered接口的BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor的postProcessBeanDefinitionRegistry方法
3.2.3 调用其他BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor的postProcessBeanDefinitionRegistry方法
3.2.4 调用BeanDefinitionRegistryPostProcessor的postProcessBeanFactory方法
invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(registryProcessors, beanFactory);
3.2.5 调用BeanFactoryPostProcessor的postProcessBeanFactory方法
invokeBeanFactoryPostProcessors(regularPostProcessors, beanFactory);

3.3 registerBeanPostProcessors

3.4 initMessageSource

3.5 initApplicationEventMulticaster

3.6 onRefresh

3.7 registerListeners

3.8 finishBeanFactoryInitialization

// 提前实例化单例bean
// Instantiate all remaining (non-lazy-init) singletons.
beanFactory.preInstantiateSingletons();
public void preInstantiateSingletons() throws BeansException {
		if (logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
			logger.trace("Pre-instantiating singletons in " + this);
		}

		// Iterate over a copy to allow for init methods which in turn register new bean definitions.
		// While this may not be part of the regular factory bootstrap, it does otherwise work fine.
		List<String> beanNames = new ArrayList<>(this.beanDefinitionNames);

		// Trigger initialization of all non-lazy singleton beans...
		for (String beanName : beanNames) {
			RootBeanDefinition bd = getMergedLocalBeanDefinition(beanName);
			if (!bd.isAbstract() && bd.isSingleton() && !bd.isLazyInit()) {
				if (isFactoryBean(beanName)) {
					Object bean = getBean(FACTORY_BEAN_PREFIX + beanName);
					if (bean instanceof FactoryBean) {
						FactoryBean<?> factory = (FactoryBean<?>) bean;
						boolean isEagerInit;
						if (System.getSecurityManager() != null && factory instanceof SmartFactoryBean) {
							isEagerInit = AccessController.doPrivileged(
									(PrivilegedAction<Boolean>) ((SmartFactoryBean<?>) factory)::isEagerInit,
									getAccessControlContext());
						}
						else {
							isEagerInit = (factory instanceof SmartFactoryBean &&
									((SmartFactoryBean<?>) factory).isEagerInit());
						}
						if (isEagerInit) {
							getBean(beanName);
						}
					}
				}
				else {
					getBean(beanName);
				}
			}
		}

		// Trigger post-initialization callback for all applicable beans...
		for (String beanName : beanNames) {
			Object singletonInstance = getSingleton(beanName);
			if (singletonInstance instanceof SmartInitializingSingleton) {
				SmartInitializingSingleton smartSingleton = (SmartInitializingSingleton) singletonInstance;
				if (System.getSecurityManager() != null) {
					AccessController.doPrivileged((PrivilegedAction<Object>) () -> {
						smartSingleton.afterSingletonsInstantiated();
						return null;
					}, getAccessControlContext());
				}
				else {
					smartSingleton.afterSingletonsInstantiated();
				}
			}
		}
	}
3.8.1 initializeBean

invokeAwareMethods

private void invokeAwareMethods(String beanName, Object bean) {
		if (bean instanceof Aware) {
			if (bean instanceof BeanNameAware) {
				((BeanNameAware) bean).setBeanName(beanName);
			}
			if (bean instanceof BeanClassLoaderAware) {
				ClassLoader bcl = getBeanClassLoader();
				if (bcl != null) {
					((BeanClassLoaderAware) bean).setBeanClassLoader(bcl);
				}
			}
			if (bean instanceof BeanFactoryAware) {
				((BeanFactoryAware) bean).setBeanFactory(AbstractAutowireCapableBeanFactory.this);
			}
		}
	}

applyBeanPostProcessorsBeforeInitialization

public Object applyBeanPostProcessorsBeforeInitialization(Object existingBean, String beanName)
			throws BeansException {

		Object result = existingBean;
		for (BeanPostProcessor processor : getBeanPostProcessors()) {
			Object current = processor.postProcessBeforeInitialization(result, beanName);
			if (current == null) {
				return result;
			}
			result = current;
		}
		return result;
	}

invokeInitMethods

  • 实现InitializingBean接口
  • 配置了InitMethodName
protected void invokeInitMethods(String beanName, Object bean, @Nullable RootBeanDefinition mbd)
			throws Throwable {

		boolean isInitializingBean = (bean instanceof InitializingBean);
		if (isInitializingBean && (mbd == null || !mbd.isExternallyManagedInitMethod("afterPropertiesSet"))) {
			if (logger.isTraceEnabled()) {
				logger.trace("Invoking afterPropertiesSet() on bean with name '" + beanName + "'");
			}
			if (System.getSecurityManager() != null) {
				try {
					AccessController.doPrivileged((PrivilegedExceptionAction<Object>) () -> {
						((InitializingBean) bean).afterPropertiesSet();
						return null;
					}, getAccessControlContext());
				}
				catch (PrivilegedActionException pae) {
					throw pae.getException();
				}
			}
			else {
				((InitializingBean) bean).afterPropertiesSet();
			}
		}

		if (mbd != null && bean.getClass() != NullBean.class) {
			String initMethodName = mbd.getInitMethodName();
			if (StringUtils.hasLength(initMethodName) &&
					!(isInitializingBean && "afterPropertiesSet".equals(initMethodName)) &&
					!mbd.isExternallyManagedInitMethod(initMethodName)) {
				invokeCustomInitMethod(beanName, bean, mbd);
			}
		}
}

applyBeanPostProcessorsAfterInitialization

调用BeanPostProcessor的postProcessAfterInitialization方法

public Object applyBeanPostProcessorsAfterInitialization(Object existingBean, String beanName)
			throws BeansException {

		Object result = existingBean;
		for (BeanPostProcessor processor : getBeanPostProcessors()) {
			Object current = processor.postProcessAfterInitialization(result, beanName);
			if (current == null) {
				return result;
			}
			result = current;
		}
		return result;
}

3.9 finishRefresh